Bhagavad Gita (probably between 500 and 50 BCE)
The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Sanskrit text comprising some 700 verses of the Mahabharata. The verses, using the range and style of Sanskrit meter with similes and metaphors, are very poetic; hence the title, which translates to ‘the Song of the Divine One’, of Bhagavan in the form of Krishna. It is revered as sacred by the majority of Hindu traditions, and especially so by followers of Krishna. In general speech it is commonly referred to as The Gita.
The content of the Bhagavad Gita is a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna taking place on the battle field of Kuruksh just prior to the start of a climactic war. Responding to Arjuna’s confusion and moral dilemma, Krishna explains to Arjuna his duties and elaborates on a number of different Yogic and Vedantic philosophies, with examples and analogies. This has led to the Gita often being described as a concise guide to Hindu philosophy. During the discourse, Krishna reveals his identity as the Supreme Being Himself (Bhagavan), blessing Arjuna with an awe-inspiring glimpse of His divine absolute form.
Bhagavad-Gita text in English
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